Dental Primary Care
Dental care is the Oral hygiene, the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean in order to dental disorders. Family physicians commonly encounter patients with dental infections, such as dental caries and periodontal disease. Dental caries is caused by bacteria that destroy the enamel and dentin; it can be detected by an oral examination that shows stained pits or fissures on the tooth surface. Use of fluoride is the most effective prevention measure for dental plaque. Untreated caries may progress to pulpitis and, eventually, to necrosis of the pulp. In irreversible pulpitis, the tooth dies, and the patient may have a localized abscess that can spread to surrounding tissue. Family physicians are in a good position to address this morbidity. They can recognize common dental infections and, in some circumstances, may initiate treatment of serious infections before referral. Family physicians can also advise patients on how to prevent dental infections and provide proper dental medicine.